SCORING HANDS IN MAHJONG
There are 81 scoring hands, or ways to end a game in Mahjong. These are as follows:
- 13 hands score 1 point
- 10 hands score 2 points
- 4 hands score 4 points
- 7 hands score 6 points
- 9 hands score 8 points
- 5 hands score 12 points
- 6 hands score 16 points
- 9 hands score 24 points
- 3 hands score 32 points
- 2 hands score 48 points
- 6 hands score 64 points
- 7 hands score 88 points
These hands can also be classified by type – there are:
- 10 Honor tile based scoring hands
- 16 Chow based scoring hands
- 19 Pung based scoring hands (including 5 concealed hands)
- 2 seven Pairs scoring hands
- 7 Suit based scoring hands
- 8 Terminal based scoring hands
- 2 Knitted tiles scoring hands
- 12 Types of Wait scoring hands (including 2 concealed hands)
- 5 Special hands
THE 13 HANDS THAT SCORE 1 POINT
1. PURE DOUBLE CHOW – CHOW BASED
Two Chows (runs) of the same suit and numerical sequence.
2. MIXED DOUBLE CHOW
Two Chows (runs) of the same numerical sequence but in two different suits.
3. SHORT STRAIGHT
Two consecutive Chows in the same suit
4. TWO TERMINAL CHOWS
Two Terminal Chows in the same suit. A Terminal Chow is three consecutive tiles that include either a 1 or a 9.
5. PUNG OF TEMINALS OR HONORS
Each Pung of terminals (1’s or 9s) or Honors scores 1 point
6. MELDED KONG
A Kong claimed from another player or promoted from a melded Pung.
7. ONE VOIDED SUIT
A hand that is missing one suit entirely, so has either no Characters, no Dots or no Bamboos.
8. NO HONORS
A hand entirely made up of suit tiles, with no Honor tiles (but can contain Terminals).
9. EDGE WAIT
A hand waiting for an Edge – only one tile possible to complete the hand. So waiting for a 3 to complete 1-2-3 or a 7 to complete 7-8-9. This scoring hand is invalid if there are any other waits. It is acceptable to have combinations that do not add to the variety of tiles required, e.g. 7-7-8-9 which is a combination of Edge Wait and Single Wait, but only the 7 can actually complete the hand
10. CLOSED WAIT
A hand that goes out on a closed wait – e.g. 4-6 waiting for the 5. If combined with other waits the hand is invalid (e.g. 3-5-5-5 does not count for Single Wait or Closed Wait). It is acceptable, however, to have combinations that do not add to the variety of tiles required, e.g. 1-2-2-3-4, which is a Closed Wait and Edge Wait but only the 3 can complete the hand.
11. SINGLE WAIT
Going out on a Single Waity is known as Finishing a Head. Any type of combination wait invalidates the hand. It is acceptable, however, to have combinations that do not add to the variety of tiles required, e.g. 5-6-6-7, which is a Closed Wait and Single Wait but only the 6 can complete the hand.
Going out with a tile drawn from the Wall.
13. FLOWER TILES
When a player goes out with the replacement tile drawn for a Flower tile, Self Drawn (one point) is added to the point total for the hand.
THE TEN HANDS THAT SCORE 2 POINTS
14. DRAGON PUNG
One Pung of Dragon tiles, that can be melded or concealed.
15. PREVALENT WIND
A Pung of the Prevalent or Table Wind corresponding to the round of play in progress. May be concealed or melded.
16. SEAT WIND
A Pung of the player’s Seat Win – concealed or melded.
17. CONCEALED HAND
A player that goes out off another player’s discarded tile and has a concealed hand with no melded sets.
18. ALL CHOWS
A hand consisting of all Chows and no honor tiles as the pair.
19. TILE HOG
Using all 4 of a number in a single suit, but without declaring them as a Kong. You cannot count a Concealed Kong or Melded Kong as Tile Hog.
20. DOUBLE PUNG
Two Pungs of the same number
21. TWO CONCEALED PUNGS
Two concealed Pungs (Pungs made without claiming tiles from another player).
23. CONCEALED KONG
A Kong made from tiles all drawn from the wall, not claimed from another player.
24. ALL SIMPLES
A hand made up of no Honor tiles, and no Terminals.
THE 4 HANDS THAT SCORE 4 POINTS
25. OUTSIDE HAND
A hand with a Terminal or Honor in each element of it, including the pair/head.
It may be combined with:
- Pure Double Chow
- Lower Three
- Tile Hog
- Double Pung
- Pung of Terminals or Honors
- Mixed Double Chow
- Two Terminal Chows
- One Voided Suit.
25. FULLY CONCEALED HAND
A hand completed without making any melds, and that draws from the Wall to finish.
26. TWO MELDED KONGS
A finished hand that contains two claimed Kongs.
27. LAST TILE
Going out with a tile that is the last of its kind. To claim this hand, the tile must be known to all players to be the last of its kind, which means that the other 3 tiles need to be in discard piles or used in claimed sets. You cannot add points for Robbing the Kong.
THE 7 HANDS THAT SCORE 6 POINTS
28. ALL PUNGS
A hand consiting of all Pungs (or Kongs) and no Chows.
29. HALF FLUSH
A hand formed from any of the suits and Honors only.
30. MIXED SHIFTED CHOWS
Three runs of Chows, one in each of the three suits, and each one increasing one in number from the start point of the previous Chow.
31. ALL TYPES
A hand where each of the 5 elements is formed by using a different tile type:
32. MELDED HAND
A hand where every element is completed with discarded tiles, so all 4 sets are claimed, and the player goes out off another player on a single wait.
33. TWO DRAGONS
A hand containing 2 Pungs or Kongs of Dragons.          &
THE 9 HANDS THAT SCORE 8 POINTS
34. MIXED STRAIGHT
A straight (tiles 1-9) formed by Chows from all 3 suits.
35. REVERSIBLE TILES
A hand composed completely of tiles that are vertically symmetrical! These tiles are:
Bamboos – 1234589
Dots – 245689
Dragons – White
The hand thus has one voided suit and scores a point for that also.
36. MIXED TRIPLE CHOW
Three Chows of the same numbers – one in each suit.
37. MIXED SHIFTED PUNGS
Three Pungs, one in each suit, and each one being one number higher than te previous Pung.
38. CHICKEN HAND
This is a hand that should earn zero points, if it were not a special scoring hand. Flower and Season tiles do not count towards this hand; they are added as a bonus to the 8 points scored.
39. LAST TILE DRAW
A hand that goes out from the very last draw of the game. This scoring hand is not added to Self-Drawn.
40. TILE CLAIM
A hand that goes out off the very last discard in the game.
41. OUT WITH REPLACEMENT TILE
A hand that goes out off the replacement tile drawn for a Kong. It does not apply to replacement tiles drawn for Flower or season tiles, only Kongs.
42. TWO CONCEALED KONGS
A hand that includes 2 concealed Kongs.
43. ROBBING THE KONG
Going out by claiming the tile that another player adds to a melded Pung to create a Kong. This is not combined with a Fully Concealed Hand.
THE 5 HANDS THAT SCORE 12 POINTS
44. LESSER HONORS AND KNITTED TILES
A hand made out of sinles of these tiles only:
- Any Honor tile
- Suit tiles that belong to different Knitted sequences – e.g. 1-4-7 of Characters, 2-5-8 of Bamboos, and 3-6-9 of Dots - each of the 3 suits must belong to a different Knitted sequence, but not necessarily in the order above.
When finished with 7 Honor tiles, the hand becomes a Greater Honors and Knitted Tiles hand. If the player goes out off his own draw, he can combine Fully Concealed. Points for All Types are not added.
45. KNITTED STRAIGHT
This is a special Straight not formed by standard Chows, but by 3 different Knitted sequences, e.g. 147 Dots, 258 Characters, 369 Bamboos (not necessarily in this order).
46. UPPER FOUR
A hand composed entirely of the upper 4 numbers (6 to 9). The hand implies a point for No Honors.
47. LOWER FOUR
Similar to the above but created entirely from tiles in the lower 4 numbers (1 to 4). Again, the point for No Honors is implied.
48. BIG THREE WINDS
A hand that includes a Pung or Kong of each Wind.
THE 6 HANDS THAT SCORE 16 POINTS
49. PURE STRAIGHT
A hand formed of tiles 1-9 of any suit in three consecutive Chows.
50. THREE-SUITED TERMINAL CHOWS
A hand made up of:
- 2 Terminal Chows (123 and 789) in one suit.
- The same in another suit
- A head of 5's in the remaining suit.
51. PURE SHIFTED CHOWS
This hand is made up of 3 Chows all of one suit, and each one either sifted one number up from the previous, or two up – but not both.
52. ALL FIVES
A hand that involves a number 5 tile in each element
53. TRIPLE PUNG
Three Pungs of the same number, one of each suit.
54. THREE CONCEALED PUNGS
Three Pungs but concealed, not declared.
THE 9 HANDS THAT SCORE 24 POINTS
55. SEVEN PAIRS
A hand made up of seven pairs. This hand will always end with a single wait, and cannot be combined with a Concealed Hand or Single Wait.
56. GREATER HONORS AND KNITTED TILES
This is a hand composed of 7 single Honors, plus singles belonging to separate Knitted sequences (e.g. 1-4-7 Bamboos, 2-5-8 Characters and 3-6-9 Dots) You cannot combine this hand with All Types, Concealed Hand or Single Wait.
57. ALL EVEN
This is a hand composed of Pungs of even numbers (2-4-6-8) and a head of the same. It implies points scored for All Pungs and All Simples
58. FULL FLUSH
This is a hand composed entirely of a single suit, and implies a point for No Honors.
59. PURE TRIPLE CHOW
This is a hand formed of three runs of the same numerical sequence in the same suit. It cannot be combined with Pure Shifted Pungs.
60. PURE SHIFTED PUNGS
This is hand made up of three Pungs of the same suit, each one shifted up one number from the previous one. It cannot be combined with Pure Triple Chow.
61. UPPER TILES
This is a hand made up only of tiles numbered 7 8 and 9. It implies a point for No Honors.
62. MIDDLE TILES
This is a hand made up only of tiles numbered 4 5 and 6. It implies a point for No Honors.
63. LOWER TILES
This is a hand made up only of tiles numbered 1 2 and 3. It implies a point for No Honors.
THE 3 HANDS THAT SCORE 32 POINTS HANDS
64. FOUR SHIFTED CHOWS
This hand is made up of four Chows all in one suit. Each one is shifted over either 1 or 2 numbers from the previous Chow, but not a combination of both.
65. THREE KONGS
A hand that contains three Kongs, either melded or concealed.
66. ALL TERMINALS AND HONORS
A hand that consists entirely of Terminals and honors - 1, 9 and Honor tiles. It implies points for All Pungs and Pung of Terminals or Honors.
THE 2 HANDS THAT SCORE 48 POINTS
67. QUADRUPLE CHOW
This hand is made up of four Chows of the same numerical sequence in the same suit. It therefore implies points for Pure Shifted Pungs, Tile Hog and Pure Double Chow.
68. FOUR PURE SHIFTED PUNGS
This is four Pungs of the same suit, each one shifted up one from the previous.
THE 6 HANDS THAT SCORE 64 POINTS
69. ALL TERMINALS
This is a hand composed entirely of Terminas – 1 and 9 tiles. It cannot be combined with Double Pung or No Honors.
70. LITTLE FOUR WINDS
This is a hand made up of three Pungs of Winds and a head of the fourth Wind. It implies points for Big Three Winds and can be combined with Prevaent Wind and Seat Wind.
71. LITTLE THREE DRAGONS
This is a hand that consists of 2 Dragon Pungs and a head of the third Dragon. Points for individual Dragon Pungs may not be added.
73. FOUR CONCEALED PUNGS
This is a hand made up of 4 Pungs, all of which are unmelded. It cannot be combined with Fully Concealed Hand or All Pungs.
THE 7 HANDS THAT SCORE 88 POINTS
75. BIG FOUR WINDS
A hand made up of Pungs or Kongs of all four Winds. It cannot be combined with All Pungs.
76. BIG THREE DRAGONS
This is a hand made up of Pungs or Kongs of all three Dragons. It cannot be combined with Dragon Pung.
77. ALL GREEN
This is a hand composed entirely of green tiles – i.e. 2-3-4-6-8 Bamboos and Green Dragons. It cannot be combined with Half Flush.
78. NINE GATES
This is a hand made up of 1-1-1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-9-9 of one suit, making a nine-sided wait for a 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 or 9. It cannot be combined with Full Flush or Pung of Terminals or Honors.
79. FOUR KONGS
This is a hand that contains any four Kongs, concealed or melded.
80. SEVEN SHIFTED PAIRS
This is a hand made up from seven pairs in the same suit, each one shifted up from the last. It cannot be combined with Full Flush, Fully Concealed Hand or Single Wait.
81. THIRTEEN ORPHANS
This is hand entirely made up of singles of any 12 of the terminal (1 and 9) and Honor Tiles, and a pair of the 13th. It cannot be combined with All Types, Concealed Hand or Single Wait.
TABLE OF SCORING HANDS BY TYPE:
|HONOR TILE BASED SCORING HANDS|
|Big Three Winds||48||12|
|Little Four Winds||70||64|
|Little Three Dragons||71||64|
|Big Four Winds||75||88|
|Big Three Dragons||76||88|
|CHOW BASED SCORING HANDS|
|Pure Double Chow||1||1|
|Mixed Double Chow||2||1|
|Two Terminal Chows||4||1|
|Mixed Shifted Chows||30||6|
|Mixed Triple Chow||37||8|
|Three Suit Terminal Chows||50||16|
|Pure Shifted Chows||51||16|
|Pure Triple Chow||59||24|
|Four Shifted Chows||64||32|
|Pure Terminal Chows||74||64|
|PUNG BASED SCORING HANDS|
|Pung of Terminals or Honors||5||1|
|Two Concealed Pungs||21||2|
|Two Melded Kongs||26||4|
|Two Concealed Kongs||33||6|
|Mixed Shifted Pungs||38||8|
|Three Concealed Pungs||54||16|
|Pure Shifted Pungs||60||24|
|All Terminals and Honors||66||32|
|Four Pure Shifted Pungs||68||48|
|Four Concealed Pungs||73||64|
|SEVEN PAIRS HANDS|
|Seven Shifted Pairs||80||88|
|SUIT BASED HANDS|
|One Voided Suit||7||1|
|TERMINAL BASED HANDS|
|KNITTED TILES BASED HANDS|
|Lesser Honors, Knitted Tiles||44||12|
|Greater Honors, Knitted Tiles||56||24|
|TYPES OF WAIT|
|Fully Concealed Hand||25||4|
|Last Tile Draw||40||8|
|Last Tile Claim||41||8|
|Out With Replacement Tile||42||8|
|Robbing The Kong||43||8|
The one who declares Mahjong is the only one gets to score points. The points are based on the contents of the winning hand. The points are added together in a simple sum. Then, the flower tiles are counted apart from the 8 point minimum. Finally, depends on the Mahjong by someone’s discard or by self-drawn, additional points are added to determine the final score and then translated into payments or point deductions.
In summary, the payments or point deductions are calculated based upon two different ways of declaring Mahjong:By someone’s discard:
The winner receives 8 points or chips from each of the three opponents.
The winner also receives points or chips from the player who discarded the winning tile equal to the points scored by the winning player.
For example: If a player win’s by someone discard with the total of 10 points + 2 flower tiles = 12 points, he or she will receive 8 + 8 + 8 = 24 points + 12 points from the discarder for a grand total of 36 points or chips.
Add 8 points to the value of the winning hand.
The winner receives this amount from each of the three opponents
For example: If a player win’s by self-drawn with a total of 10 points + 2 flower tiles = 12 points, he or she will add 8 points to the hand for a revised total of 20 points, and will receive 20 + 20 + 20 = 60 points or chips.
As you can see, there is a tremendous advantage to finishing a hand self-drawn!
Warning! Be careful when announcing Mahjong and revealing your hand without the minimum 8 points! This will cost you a penalty of 30 points (10 points to each player).
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